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Tour Grading

To try and give you further insight into each of our tours, we have attempted to define some categories that cannot always be ascertained just by reading a brochure entry. Obviously it is difficult to pigeon-hole every tour with just one definition, so these should be taken only as a guide. Every tour now carries this set of gradings, as defined below:


FINE Includes lodges and hotels rated highly for their facilities, comfort and service.
GOOD Includes lodges and hotels typical of the international average. They may vary somewhat in standard, but typically they are among the best available for the sites visited.
BASIC Includes lodges and hotels which are normally clean and comfortable and are used when little or nothing else is available at the sites visited. They may not have electricity or hot water.

TENTED Includes permanent tent sites at some localities and/or temporary sites where the outfitters erect and carry the tents with them for each locality.

Number of species to be expected on the tour (approximate).
HOT Maximum daytime shade temperatures higher than 80 Fahrenheit (27 Centigrade).
WARM Maximum daytime shade temperatures frequently in the 70s to 80s Fahrenheit (21 to 27 Centigrade).
COOL Maximum temperatures typically in the 50s to 60s Fahrenheit (10 to 20 Centigrade).
COLD Minimum temperatures down to the 40s Fahrenheit (4 Centigrade) and sometimes less.


Elevation HIGH Maximum elevations to above 3,000 metres (10,000 feet) for one or more full days and nights.
MODERATE Maximum elevations from 2,000 metres (6,600 feet) to 3,000 metres (10,000 feet) for one or more full days and nights.
LOW From sea-level to 2,000 metres (6,600 feet) for one or more full days and nights.

Health Precautions NORMAL Insect repellent and bottled water.
SPECIAL As above, plus vaccinations needed


RELAXED Normally less than 10 hours per day in the field and/or in transit. Normally optional pre-breakfast and occasionally post-dinner birding walks.
MODERATE Normally about 8 to 14 hours in the field and/or in transit.

INTENSE Includes some days in excess of 14 hours per day in the field and/or in transit.


Photography EXCELLENT Much of the wildlife is tame and approachable. Normally good light conditions. Good scenic shots available
GOOD Only some areas visited will produce opportunities for wildlife photography. Good scenic shots available.

Walking EASY Short distances (less than 4 km per walk) over fairly level ground.
MODERATE No difficulties for clients in reasonable health, but some walks may involve slopes and/or moderate distances (4 to 10 km).
DIFFICULT To be undertaken only by clients in good physical condition may include steep and rocky
sections to reach important bird watching sites, and/or walks longer than 6 km.